Isaac Newton, a scientist, mathematician, and astronomer, was born on January 4, 1643 in Woolsthorpe, England. His father was a farmer but died just a few months before Isaac was born. When his mother remarried, his grandparents took care of him. At school, he was an adequate student. At one point his mother tried to take him out of school to help on the farm, but Isaac had no interest in becoming a farmer and was soon back at school.
College and Career
In 1661, Isaac began to attend college at Cambridge, where he spent many years of his life. Because of the Great Plague Isaac had to leave Cambridge for two years which he spent in study and isolation at his home developing his theories on calculus, gravity, and the laws of motion. Later in his life he became a professor of mathematics and a member of the Royal Society (a group of scientists in England). He was elected to represent Cambridge University as a member of parliament. In 1696 Newton became the warden of the Royal Mint in London and tried to get rid of corruption and reform the currency of England. In 1703 he was elected President of the Royal Society and in 1705 he was knighted by Queen Anne. He died March 31, 1727 in London. Sir Isaac Newton is considered one of the most influential scientists in history. Even Albert Einstein said that Isaac Newton was the smartest person who ever lived.
Newton is considered the father of physics. Throughout his career, Isaac Newton made many scientific discoveries and inventions that are still important in astronomy, math, engineering and science. His most important discoveries are: gravity, the Laws of Motion, calculus (a new type of mathematics) and the reflecting telescope. While working and studying, he wrote down his thoughts, which were published in his book called Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica ("Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"); this became one of the most important works in the history of science.Legacy
Newton died on March 31, 1727 in London, England. Today, he is considered one of the most influential scientists of all time alongside great minds such as Albert Einstein, Aristotle, and Galileo.