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Celotna licenca je na voljo na spletu na naslovu http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/. V skladu s to licenco je dovoljeno vsakemu uporabniku delo razmnoževati, distribuirati, javno priobčevati, dajati v najem in tudi predelovati, vendar samo v nekomercialne namene in ob pogoju, da navede avtorja oziroma avtorje in izdajatelja tega dela. Če uporabnik delo predela, kar pomeni, da ga spremeni, preoblikuje, prevede ali uporabi to delo v svojem delu, lahko predelavo dela ponudi na voljo le pod pogoji, ki so enaki pogojem iz te licence oziroma pod enako licenco.
Read the text on the previous page again, and then, click parts of the explanations that are not correct in the sentences below. Rewrite them in your notebook.
Identical twins have the same personality.
Your personality is based solely on your characteristics.
The way we react to situations doesn't reflect our personality.
People have not paid much attention to human personality. It is believed that people can be easily classified into four personality types.
We tend to notice what is very common.
Identical twins don’t have the same personality.
Your personality is based on your characteristics and your pattern of behaviour.
The way we react to situations reflect our personality.
People have paid a lot of attention to human personality.
It was believed that people can be classified into four personality types.
We tend to notice what is unusual, extreme.
Find some words from the second part of the text and try to match them to their definitions.
occuring at the beginning
a typical characteristic
one's natural tendency to act in a particular way
a new or unfamiliar thing or experience
The second part of the article that follows on the following page explains what the acronym O.C.E.A.N. means.
Read through the second part of the text and fill the gaps with a missing article.
Psychologists have come to
conclusion that all the words one uses to describe someone can be clustered into five sets. In
broad sense, words of
cluster are similar in meaning, one can see
connection between them and they convey completely different meaning than words from other clusters. Together with their opposites, words can be divided into five groups, known as
Big Five. Their initial letters form
acronym OCEAN, and
integral traits are as followed: 1 Openness to experience:an
inclination toward enjoying novelty,
variety of experiences as well as love for art and intellectual stimulation. 2 Conscientiousness:a
tendency to be organized, self-disciplined, you strive for achievements and prefer planning to spontaneous behaviour. 3 Extraversion:a
tendency to enjoy
company of others, you are filled with positive emotions and energy. 4 Agreeableness:an
inclination toward being friendly, cooperative and compassionate. 5 Neuroticism:a
tendency to experience unpleasant emotion easily.
Nowadays many psychologists believe we are a variation of the Big Five groups since we all have our own scores in these categories. For example,
careless person scores low on conscientiousness scale or someone confident scores low on neuroticism scale.
whole story doesn’t end here, some studies have shown that we could include the sixth factor - Honesty - that indicates one’s maturity, ranging from selfishness to virtue.
WORDS TO REMEMBER
cluster = (n.) a group of similar things perceive = (v.) to realize, understand, become aware, intrigued = (adj.) curious, interested bile = (n.) a bitter body fluid produced by liver and it aids digestion phlegm = (n.) a thick body substance usually produced excessively when one is suffering from a cold straightforward = (adj.) easy to understand integral = (adj.) essential, fundamental conscientiousness = (n.) the state of putting a lot of effort into your work strive = (v.) try hard to achieve something virtue = (n.) behaviour showing good moral quality