To delo je na voljo pod pogoji slovenske licence Creative Commons 2.5:
priznanje avtorstva - nekomercialno - deljenje pod enakimi pogoji.
Celotna licenca je na voljo na spletu na naslovu http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/. V skladu s to licenco je dovoljeno vsakemu uporabniku delo razmnoževati, distribuirati, javno priobčevati, dajati v najem in tudi predelovati, vendar samo v nekomercialne namene in ob pogoju, da navede avtorja oziroma avtorje in izdajatelja tega dela. Če uporabnik delo predela, kar pomeni, da ga spremeni, preoblikuje, prevede ali uporabi to delo v svojem delu, lahko predelavo dela ponudi na voljo le pod pogoji, ki so enaki pogojem iz te licence oziroma pod enako licenco.
What skills do you need to become a self-reliant individual? Work in pairs. From the list below pick the skills that you both find important. Create your own skills poster similar to the one above.
LIST OF SKILLS
- getting up by yourself (using alarm clock)
- personal health and hygiene
- basic cleaning skill (e.g. vacuum cleaning, doing the laundry)
- repairing electrical wiring in your home
- feeding yourself
- being able to prepare a meal for your family
- taking care of animals (e.g. dogs, horses)
- planning and organising large house parties
- self-regulation of behaviour (without the supervision of parents)
- having a bank account and being able to handle money
- being able to buy a house or flat
- scheduling your own appointments
- making plans and sticking to them
- ability to drive a car
- ability to repair a car (e.g. repair the engine)
- job search skills (writing a CV, how to groom yourself for an interview)
- accessing community resources (e.g. having a library card)
- living abroad by yourself
You learned about compound nouns in Unit 9.2. You know that the first word in a compound noun can be a noun, an adjective, a verb, or a preposition (e.g. life skill, grandchild, driving licence, underachiever).
The last word in a compound noun is usually a noun, but it can also be some other part of speech:
a noun (e.g. schoolmate)
an adverb (e.g. merry-go-round)
a preposition (e.g. check-in)
a verb (e.g. bride-to-be)
Plural of compound nouns
Generally, the plural of compound nouns is made by adding -s to the last element (schoolmates, merry-go-rounds) Though, it is also possible to add -s to the base word (e.g. brides-to-be).
Tomorrow I'm meeting my in-laws.
Come on, put on your running shoes.
You are not allowed to go to the party if there are no grown-ups present.
You can find compound nouns in dictionaries where you will usually also find their plural forms.
Read and click the compound nouns. Check the ‘Grammar Log’ above.
Asateenager I wanted to be independent. I dreamed ofthe day when I would moveaway and start my own life, and party all day long. But I've learned that life is a merry-go-round for which grown-ups need some life skills other than just house-partying.My top three are: goal-setting, time management, and finance skills. Youcan be free to go, but without having a good signpost and knowing where you are going, you won't get very far. So, find out what you want in your life and figure out steps to achieve that. Make a to do list and set your priorities: do themost important things first so that you avoid anoverload of work. If you value self-reliance, you have to be able to manage your own finances. Maybe your goal is to be a homeowner or world traveller. Whatever your dream, it usually involves the skill of personal finance management.
WORDS TO REMEMBER
self-reliant = (n.) confident in one's own abilities merry-go-round = (n.) revolving playground equipment with model cars or horses that children ride for amusement signpost = (n.) sign showing direction or giving information set = (v.) decide on, choose overload = (n.) load that is too big come of age = (v.) become an adult
Now, match the words to make compounds from the text.
Work in pairs and test each other's knowledge of compound nouns.
Pick a life skill and write five compound nouns that are associated with it. For example: basic cleaning skill: vacuum cleaner, washing machine, etc. In a dictionary find the definitions for your compound nouns. Read the definitions to your partner. He or she has to guess what compound nouns the definitions refer to.
Find the right word from the text to match the definition.
reach a goal =
things that are more important than other things =
skill of controlling things =
Listen and decide what the mother's question tags express.
Question tags are short questions added at the end of sentences. They are used in spoken language to check if the listener agrees or disagrees.
If the statement is positive, the tag is negative.
You know Ben, don’t you?
If the statement is negative, the tag is positive.
She doesn’t live here, does she?
In sentences with auxiliary verbs (be, have), these are also used in the tag.
He is running quite fast, isn’t he? You have met my sister, haven’t you?
In sentences without auxiliaries, don’t, doesn’t and didn’t are used.
Your parents like horse races, don’t they? Kelly didn’t bring her boyfriend over, did she?
In sentences with modal verbs (can, could, will, would. . .), these are also used in the tag.
I should call her, shouldn’t I? Wendy couldn't make it, could she?
In sentences with I am, the tag is aren’tI?
I am too slow, aren’t I? I’m invited, aren’t I?
In sentences with the imperative, the tag is will.
Close the door, will you? Have a glass of wine, won’t you? (invitation)
In sentences with let’s, the tag is shall we?
Let’s talk about it later, shall we?
If we are not sure of the answer, our intonation rises in the question tag.
If we already know the answer and we are simply inviting the other person to agree, our intonation falls in the question tag.
It's always the same story, isn't it?
You wouldn't be going there alone, would you?
Show me what you found, will you?
After all, I am your mother, aren't I?